In vishnu purana Sage Parashara explains to Maitreya about the celestial worlds and the position of Stars and planets . Apart from that the fourteen worlds of universe are described In Shiva maha purana ( Uma Samhitha) ,Brahma Vaivart Purana, Agni purana and Linga purana also.
Fourteen Worlds Of The Universe
|NO’S||HIGHER WORLDS||NO’S||LOWER WORLDS|
NOTE: At the end of a kalpa, all the three Worlds of bhuloka, bhuvarloka and svarloka are destroyed. But the four lokas of Maharloka, Janaloka, Tapaloka and Satyaloka are not destroyed.
Description of Higher worlds
|Seven Upper Worlds||Discription|
|Sun||At a height of 1,00,000 Yojans above the earth|
|Moon||1,00,000 Yojans above Sun|
|Stars||1,00,000 Yojans above Moon|
|Mercury||At a height of 2,00,000 Yojans above the sphere of stars|
|Venus||2,00,000 Yojans above Mercury|
|Mars||2,00,000 Yojans above Venus|
|Jupiter||2,00,000 Yojans above Mars|
|Saturn||2,00,000 Yojans above Jupiter|
|Saptharishis ( The Great Bear constellation )||1,00,000 Yojans above the Saturn|
|Dhruv ( Pole Star )||1,00,000 Yojans above Saptharishis|
|Maharloka ( sages like Bhrigu etc.. live )||One crore Yojans above Dhruv|
|Janaloka (Brahma’s sons like manasa putras (Sanakaadi Kumars) live)||Two crore Yojans above Maharloka|
|Tapaloka (deities named Vairaaj who are never consigned to flames)||Eight crore Yojans above Janaloka|
|Satyaloka or brahma lokha (Only immortal beings live there)||Twelve crore Yojans above Tapaloka|
|Vishnu loka (Lord Vishnu)|
|Karthikeya Lokha(Son of Shiva)|
|Shiva loka (Lord Shiva)|
|Golokha ( lord Krishna lives with the cow names Sushila, with the permission of lord Shiva )|
NOTE: (In Shiva maha puranam, uma samhitha says that stars are spread in the area of the 10,000 yojans above the moon. So the actual distance is missing while the puranas are being translated from generations to generations).
Important Descriptions of Upper Worlds
All the planets are situated between the earth and Dhruva star form the three lokas – Bhooloka, Bhuvar loka and Swarga loka .
Bhuloka is the earth and its limits extend upto the points that can be lit up the rays of the sun and the moon. Take the distance from bhuloka to the solar circle. An equal distance beyond the solar circle constitutes bhuvarloka. The region from the limits of bhuvarloka to the region of Dhruva (the Pole Star) is svarloka or svarga (heaven). Above the solar circle is the lunar circle and above that come successively the regions of the stars , planets etc.. Maharloka is reserved for those who have been freed from the bonds of the world.
Important descriptions of lower worlds
The earth is balanced on the hood of Sheshnag. Lord Vishnu is the nurturer of this world. Each of these worlds is ten thousand yojans in length and twenty thousand yojans deep. All these netherworld have the same expanse as the earth.
Sage Narad’s description of Lower worlds
Once Sage Narada went on a trip to the underworld and was bowled over by its beauty. The underworld is a wonderful place, more beautiful than heaven itself. The demons and the Nagas reside in these worlds. All these worlds are full of invaluable and priceless diamonds. It is full of palaces and jewels. The sun rises there, but does not radiate too much of heat. The moon also rises, but its beams are not at all chilly. The forests are populated by beautiful trees and the ponds are thick with lotus flowers, the songs of cuckoo birds are heard everywhere. Below the underworld sleeps a great snake, known as Shesha or Ananta. It has a thousand hoods covered with jewels. In fact, this snake is really Vishnu in one of this various forms.